Dissertation Writing – Salient Features

Key Points of Dissertation Writing

Dissertation Writing – Salient Features


Before understanding the salient features of dissertation writing, it is essential to plan the dissertation. The more organized a paper is the better impression it creates.



Key points of Dissertation structure


Typically, a traditional dissertation is structured with the given steps:


I. Title page:


The title page is the cover page of the dissertation. It has a few details such as title, student name, degree program, supervisor name, university name, and the date when the dissertation can be submitted, etc. Top universities have a defined set of requirements for the presentation of the title page.


II. Acknowledgements:


The acknowledgements section is usually optional and gives the writer space to acknowledge everyone who helped write the dissertation. This might include supervisors, participants, fellow researchers, and friends.


III. Abstract:


The abstract provides readers with a quick overview of the dissertation. It should express the central idea and key points. The function of an abstract is to describe the research objectives. It should have a brief and precise statement of the problem or issue, followed by a description of the research methodology and conclude with a summary. Ideally, an abstract has a 150-300 worded paragraph.


IV. Table of contents:


A Structured format that lists down all the chapter’s names, subheadings, along with the respective page numbers, which is known as a table of contents. It provides the reader with an overview of the dissertation and helps to navigate easily through the document.


V. Chapters of the dissertation:


  • 1. Introduction
  • 2. A Literature review
  • 3. Methodology
  • 4. Results
  • 5. Discussion
  • 6. Conclusion


VI. References:


References list down all the sources that contributed to the research. It is important to include full details of all sources that are in the reference list (sometimes also called works cited list or bibliography) as missing a single source, too may result in plagiarism/paper rejection. Since there are various formats of reference – APA referencing style, MLA referencing style, or other format suggested by the university should be followed.


VII. Appendices:



Appendices contain key information that directly contributes to answering research questions. Documents that do not fit into the main section of the dissertation (such as interview transcripts, survey questions, additional tables, and figures, etc..) can be added as appendices.



How was the structure tips? Share your feedback in the comments.


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Essay Writing – Tips and Tricks

Essay Writing – Tips and Tricks


The art of essay writing is a simple and easy task that can be done by anyone. Although an effective essay writing requires an individual to follow certain basic guidelines. There are three essential things to consider before writing an essay:
    1. Uniqueness
    2. Delivery within the deadline
    3. Compliance with your requirements and other required standards

All essay writings need planning and basic structure. To start writing an effective essay, follow certain rules.  


Planning of Essay Writing


I. Topic:

A Topic is a particular issue or idea that serves as the subject of an essay. So before finalizing the topic, make sure a complete understanding of the topic is required.


II. Target reader:

Before starting an essay, understand the requirement of target reader “What to write in the essay and how to write it. Target reader can be teachers, employers, newspaper editors, or the community. Depending on who are the target readers consider the following:
    • 1. The interests and perspectives of the reader.
    • 2. Selecting a topic that is relevant to the reader.
    • 3. Language and examples should be appropriate to the reader.

III. Purpose:

Each essay has a meaning behind it. Depending on the purpose of the article, there are mainly four types of essays. Each class has specific uses and styles.

Types of essays are:
    • 1. Narrative essays – Telling a story.
    • 2. Descriptive essays – Painting a picture.
    • 3. Expository essays – Writing only facts.
    • 4. Persuasive essays – Convincing audience.

Types of essay  

Basic Structure of the Essay


I. Introduction:

Beginning with the first line of introduction with the problem that shows the focus of the essay. Discuss the topic in context to its past and present-day situations. Add words, phrases, and sentences in the introduction that can grab the reader’s attention, encouraging them to read more. And limit the introduction to 150-200 worded paragraph.

II. Body of Essay:

The body of an essay is the part of an article divided into paragraphs. Each paragraph should explain and develops critical ideas in a logical and structured manner. Body Paragraphs should be related to the topic. The body of an essay is the longest part of a paragraph with the given below structure:
    • 1. Topic
    • 2. Opinion
    • 3. Examples
    • 4. Explanation
    • 5. Seriousness


III. Conclusion:

The conclusion is a brief overview of the topic discussed in the article. It gives an idea of the problem and provides different possible solutions. The conclusion should have not more than 5 to 6 sentences.

How were the essay writing tips? Share your feedback in the comments.

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How To Improve Assignment Writing Skills



  Assignment writing is an art, and it is never too late to improve assignment writing skills. The process of assignment writing is the same, but the pattern differs from subject to subject. The use of punctuations, grammar, word selection, spelling, including the structure, plays an important role.  


In addition to the content, your presentation decides the quality of the assignment. Strict deadlines govern the assignment submissions. If the deadlines are not respected, all the hard work will go down the drain.



  Below is a set of recommendations on how to improve assignment writing skills.


1. Concept:

Refer and Read as many assignments to understand the concept of assignment writing and make notes while reading. Try to extract as much information as possible.


2. Research:

Assignment quality cannot be improved only depending on Wikipedia articles or course books. Research latest journals, google scholars, relevant articles to gather extensive information. It contains the latest news and is updated regularly. Collaborate with information from both online and offline sources to make your assignment more authentic.


3. Critical Thinking:

Critical thinking is an intellectually disciplined process of analyzing and evaluating information gathered from many sources. In this context, this information can be eventually applied in writing an effective assignment.


4. Standard Structure:

An assignment should contain a proper structure that will make it presentable and understandable to the reader. Below is one such standard format:

      • Introduction
      • 1st Body Paragraph
      • 2nd Body Paragraph
      • 3rd Body Paragraph
      • Conclusion


 5. Outline:

An outline allows a writer to categorize the main points of the assignment. Outlining will help to construct and organize topics in a sequential manner. Outlining basically involves:

      • Topic
      • Problem
      • Method
      • Discussion
      • Result


6. Grammatical Errors:

Check grammatical errors because it is an integral and expected standard of assignment writing. Sentences having grammatical errors will lead to wrong interpretations.


 7. Sentences and Paragraphs:

While writing any assignment try to avoid using long sentences, long paragraphs, impressively-sounding complex words. Usually, short sentences and paragraphs are impactful rather than longer ones because the information is crisp and easily understood.

These 7 recommendations will certainly help to improve ASSIGNMENT WRITING SKILLS and prepare a good quality assignment.

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Dissertation Writing Tips

Tips for writing a good dissertation

Dissertation writing tips. A dissertation is not merely of other people’s work; instead, it is a chance for you to show your original ideas. Do not depend on past research. Instead, use your references as a basis for your analysis. Dissertation helps you to define not only your academics but your future success. Writing a thesis would be a lot like writing a book, It is a self-directed process by nature.

Plan a Schedule

Think when, where, and how you work best when scheduling your dissertation time. Set the deadlines for completing each chapter or section, and figure out how many pages you need to write every day to meet those deadlines. Follow these points to make a schedule for your dissertation
  • Plan every day
  • Pick a scheduling strategy that will work for you.
  • Find a timetable, chart or the other scheduling device you like
  • Try to break down the workload into “urgent tasks.”
  • Stick to your plan.

Get feedback early

Many people shy away from representing their papers to the professor because they believe in showcasing the final dissertation, that could be a big mistake. The sooner you talk about your writing with your professor, the easier your editing stages will go.

Write notes

Writing notes will help in keeping a record of the information you acquire from your research, and it will save you time. This will also help in avoiding plagiarism by citing all sources of information. So writing notes during lectures will save your time in writing a dissertation.
  • Write the introduction in the last

Writing the introduction at the beginning will get you stuck in writing the dissertation. First, write the chapter part. Once you’re finished. You’ll know what you’re working on, and you will be ready to get tons of thoughts together.
  • Watch out for yourself

Get some exercise, sleep properly, and eat well. Because It’s easier for you to write when you’re in good physical and mental health. Even a simple walk can help you clear your mind.
  • Take breaks

Take a few breaks: these will refresh you and allow you to continue working efficiently. Writing is your full-time job while you’re working on your dissertation, but that does not mean you need to write down all the time. Taking some beaks will help you keep your mind focused.
  • Stay on your task

There are always reasons not to write. Staying on your schedule is the only way to get anything written, even when it seems you can’t. Don’t be distracted by little feelings of accomplishment: completing one page means you’re able to write the next one. Remember all those people who helped you in creating great ideas.
  • Talk with your friends

Tell your friends about your thoughts, listen to their opinions, or discuss with the instructor about your ideas. Discussing your ideas with others helps you refine your thought process and stimulate it.
  • Never plagiarize

Always give credit to your sources. Plagiarism is a significant cause for a dissertation to be rejected entirely.
  • Use only scholarly sources for your dissertation

Inadequate resources could jeopardize your research and will affect the potential of your analysis and conclusions
  • Don’t wait until the last minute

An excellent dissertation takes time to craft. A rushed dissertation has a high possibility of being full of errors and inconsistencies that could result in rejection.
  • Talk to your professor throughout the writing process

He can give you tips and help you in the right direction, helping you avoid lengthily re-writes.
  • Always write in the present tense.

Keep your language direct and confident; avoid any all slang tenses.
  • Reread your work out loud.

It is an excellent way to see if it makes sense as written and helps you catch inconsistencies.
  • Proofread your work

After completing your dissertation proofread your work. It will improve style, repair broken grammar, fix incorrect spellings, and word choice to make sure that your document is composed inside the applicable enlist.

Thesis Writing Tips

Thesis writing tips, when you are writing a thesis for the first time, it will take more time to finish your thesis. Therefore it’s right for you to begin your thesis early and spend the remaining time using the thesis written. Our thesis writing tips will help you to score good grades in your academics. Early thesis writing gives you an additional advantage of the time. You will have time to write 1 or 2 more drafts to sharpen and improve the framework of your study as you do your research work in your own terms, so new ideas and points come to mind. An early start will enable you to incorporate the thesis into your own words. Follow these simple thesis writing tips to write a good thesis.

1. Make a timetable

Plan your thesis structure with your professor carefully. Create rough drafts as you go so that as you concentrate more on writing. Set deadlines for each chapter or section to be finished and find out how many pages you need to write each day to reach those deadlines.

2. Plan your thesis structure with your professor carefully.

Students and their professors often assume things without checking. Academic advisors won’t give you all the answers. One supervisor told his student about 300 pages of a Ph.D., so he wrote 300 pages. The teacher had, sadly, meant two-spaced, and the student had written one-spaced.
  • Your professor’s role is to guide you in learning a way to be an independent researcher.
  • Keep track of each meeting you have with your instructor.

3. The thesis statement should be clear

Your thesis statement must be as clear as possible. You have to make sure that your reader understands exactly what you mean. The following steps will help you to write a good thesis statement. 
  • A good thesis statement is short and straightforward: it should be no longer than one sentence regardless of essay length
  • A good thesis statement is limited to one main idea
  • A good thesis statement is a declarative sentence with no qualifiers ( might, maybe, perhaps)

4. Use study materials

Starting with materials and methods will set out a road map for your PhD and help you get over the initial writing humps.

5. Write in a place where there is no one to disturb you.

Find a comfortable place to write; whether it’s a library or your backyard, avoid distraction. This includes your mobile phone. If you want to use your computer, use it without an internet connection.if this isn’t possible, switch off all automatic email notifications and chat programs.

6. Write Introductions in the Last

It easy to write the introduction so write it later. First, write the main body of the chapter. Writing the introduction and conclusion will help tie the thesis together, so save it to write it in the end.

7. Make it easy to follow the thesis

Everybody wants their thesis to be outstanding, write your thesis in a way that your professors can easily read it. Your professors will read your thesis and judge you on it. Remember that your examiner will probably read your thesis in chunks over several weeks and may have forgotten what you said within the first chapter when they reach the sixth chapter, So you need a consistent flow inside sections as well as between them.

8. Take a break

You won’t be 100 % efficient all the time, taking a break will help maintain focus.

9.Set targets each day

At least write 500 words each day. These might seem pretty easy if you followed this and beat your goal every time. It takes the pressure off and gives you time to write 500 words and saves your significant amount of time.

10. Use your time wisely

If you know what you are working on, use your computer. Otherwise, you’ll probably open up to a world of distractions and waste your valuable writing time.

11. Use less time on social media

Set a specific time for checking emails and social media, because it is one platform where most of the people waste their time, So controlling this element will help you make concentration and make you focus on writing.

12. Use apps

Trello is a project management tool that allows you to create ‘boards’ where you can pin all of your essential tasks, ideas, and deadlines. It also allows you to make checklists, so you know all of your essential items are listed, and you can concentrate on one thing at a time.

13.Using the preferred referential style

Follow what your professor said, take their suggestions to your work, and follow your style of writing. One of the most common mistakes when writing the thesis is to list papers in the text that do not appear in the bibliography. Before submitting your thesis, all references must be cross-checked with the bibliography.

14. Get feedback from your professors

We often get feedback on individual chapters but plan to get feedback from your professor on the entire thesis, to make sure that all together is done nicely.

13.Proofread your work

This is the final and most crucial step in the thesis writing process. After checking all content and editorial needs, ensure that your thesis contains all the required information (for example, name, class, abstract, introduction, literature review and the conclusion, etc.) and avoid any errors in grammar, spelling, formatting, and references.

13. Take care of yourself

Be kind to yourself, eat well, sleep well, and socialize. You will find this simpler if you follow all of the above tips. You will have time to spare yourself for things you enjoy doing.  

Structure of dissertation

How to write a dissertation structure

Structure of a dissertation.

When you are planning to write a dissertation, it is crucial to understand the structure, and then make a dissertation structure plan to create an excellent dissertation.


 It must contain a description of the study and also the key findings


This section will cover the problems faced during the drafting of the dissertation and the context of the dissertation.

 Literature review

The literature review will concentrate on the topic of your study. Try to identify and synthesize the qualitative research arguments and evidence related to the research question.


Your approach towards the theoretical foundation and a philosophical viewpoint of your research.


 It would be best if you answered the questions like why, how, and what chapter.


Present your data and indicate whether it does or does not answer your research questions.


 What did you find after collecting the data and doing the research?


The implications of your findings, the questions raised in the literature review section and the context of your dissertation.


 A summary of your complete research and all the facts you gave in your dissertation.


It should list all sources of consulted literature when preparing the dissertation.  

Assignment Writing Tips

Assignment writing tips for university and college students.

For colleges and universities, assignment writing is the most common practice. It’s not surprising that students feel apprehensive when faced with their first written assignment. When you give yourself enough time to plan, you’ll not need to hurry to reach your deadline to do your homework, write, and review your assignment. You need to trust in yourself to write down an excellent assignment and read this article, and in the end, you’ll learn the useful tips on how to quickly write a good assignment.

Using the following steps will help you write your assignments correctly.

Helpful tips in writing an excellent assignment

1. Planning

Planning your work will help you focus and keep you on the right track. Planning involves researching the topic, determining which details to add, putting together ideas, and then returning to more analysis.
  • The first thing you should do simply is to schedule the time you need to write an assignment. This time shouldn’t include any other activities –being on the phone, eating, or the other things you wish to do.
  • Carefully read word by word the assignment topic. If there is any word you don’t know about, use a dictionary or any other definition dictionary, you want to find its meaning.
  • Think about what to do to finish the assignment (e.g., what analysis, draft writing, reference testing, review, and editing, etc.). Divide these into a list of tasks to be done.
  • Understand how marks awarded. Most students don’t check the guide for how marks are going to award for writing an essay or research paper.
  • Give each task a time limit

2.Analyze the question

You have to understand the question you need to answer before you begin writing something. Only after you’ve fully understood the topic can you write a good assignment. Save a copy of the assignment once you notice something on a course page or in a forum. If you save all the information you gather about the assignment in one file; once you start writing, you will have all the information in one place.

3. Draft an outline

Drafting an outline will give you a structure to follow when writing your assignment. This system ensures that you are on the right track. If you don’t know how to search for a relevant outline sample for your assignments, as they will help you, what should be included and which sections are the most important.

4. Finding information

You need to research your subject and find appropriate and reliable information before you begin writing. Assignment writing tips on collecting information involves finding information, reading and taking notes, grouping, sorting, and developing an overview. Once you find the information, the next step is to evaluate it and make sure it’s right for your assignment.

5. Conclusion

Your conclusion is your last chance to outline the point and leave a lasting impression with your reader. This section is an area where you conclude based on the proof you present and described in your assignment.

The following are the few points that should be included in the conclusion.

  • No new idea should be included in the conclusion.
  • The conclusion briefly summarizes the main discussion points.
  • Your findings should not include information that is not included in the assignment

6. Proofreading and editing

Once you’ve written your assignment, you can improve it by editing and proofreading. When proofreading your work, confirm that you simply have answered the subject question as your tutor requires it. A thing as small as a spelling errors can leave a wrong impression.

Do check the following points:

  • Check for errors in grammar and spellings; it allows you to correct any grammar and spelling errors.
  • Verify that you have correctly cited references following the guidelines of APA, MLA, or Harvard.
  • Check all pages are numbered correctly
  • Check your university or college guidelines
  • Check that your name, student ID, assignment information, and date are included on every page.
  • Ask a friend or assignment helper to proofread your assignment, as errors in your work can be challenging to see.
  • Submit your assignment once you are satisfied.
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Essay Writing Tips

Essay writing tips by professional writers. Writing an essay often seems to be a complicated task for students for most working students today; writing essays is a frustrating affair. The workload is massive, and the research hours are rising to ensure full coverage of the syllabus.
  • Writing an essay is so hard because we focus on rewards such as getting a passing grade or the approval of our teacher. An essay is a large project; there are many steps a student can take, which will help break down the task into manageable parts.
  • Following these essay writing tips can give you the proper way to get you the best possible score in your essay.

Tips on Writing an Effective Essay

1. Carefully read the question and consider what is needed

It may be self-evident, but answer the question! Identify the command word (describe, interpret, assess, etc.) Be clear about what the essay needs to be, but also what the essay’s limitations are.

2. Preparatory reading

Do not begin an essay until you’ve got enough knowledge at your disposal to support your overall conclusion. Even if you start with a rough conclusion in mind, your reading may require you to vary this.

3. Make a plan

This will also guide your selection of further reading and information gathering that are the main ideas or issues that need to address? What points are going to lead to your conclusion?

4. Collect information.

Reading notes or handouts won’t give you enough information to back up every point you make. Use other sources such as books and journals in academia. It is also possible to use reputable websites.

5. Structure of the essay

All essays require an outline, a principal body, and a conclusion. Approximately 10% of your word count should be the introduction and conclusion. Your paragraphs also need a structure: remember one point = one paragraph as a general rule. A paragraph should follow the PEEL structure:
  • P-Point (assert something), 
  • E-Evidence (back up your point with references or experience),
  • E-Explanation (how this helps answer the question),
  • L-Link (to the next paragraph, if necessary). 

6. Most of the essays will involve critical thinking.

It is within the explanation/analysis part of your paragraphs that you will gain credit for showing the capability to discuss and analyze the facts and arguments you’ve presented. Confirm every paragraph explains why it’s relevant to answering the question or reaching your conclusion.

7. Using an academic writing style

In essays, you need to write down in a formal, precise, cautious, and balanced manner. Avoid contractions and only write if your tutor has said this is acceptable.

8.Sequence your argument

It would be best if you organized your ideas in a sequence that is meaningful to the reader and can be marked in the introduction. Include signposts in your writing to illustrate how your point develops: words like’ additionally,” additionally,” conversely,” consistently,’ etc. all help the reader follow your line of reason.

9. Support your point by quoting and referring to your sources

Make notes when you are reading and recording your work and add page numbers or put information into bibliographic software such as Endnote or Refworks so you can refer to them later.

10. Note, that’s exactly your first draft.

Be prepared to modify, add, expand, or adjust parts of it until the presentation and content satisfy you. Check for: material, argument and meaning; reference; grammar and spelling; punctuation; and style. Do you use appropriate fonts, margins, line spacing, etc.?

11. Be sure that you write a conclusion

Graders will want to see five paragraphs—introduction, three body paragraphs, and a conclusion—in your essay. If they don’t find these points, they deduct your points. So, make sure you have an ample amount of time to write these five paragraphs. Your conclusion should not be too long; be sure to restate your thesis.

12. Proofread your work

You’re going to end up catching a couple of errors that would cost you.
  • Use the last few minutes of your allocated time to check your work, correct spellings, grammar, and logic errors. Even if you only make a few errors, your essay score will be improved.
  • The quality of your writing is related to a full one-third of your essay grade, and it is by spotting errors that graders deduct your points here. Don’t be sloppy once you correct your mistakes, either.
  • Read and reread the paper to make sure that the sentences are logical and that the paragraphs flow seamlessly into one another. Check the grammar, spelling, and punctuation to make corrections whenever necessary. Delete any obsolete sections; change the vocabulary to boost phrases. Make sure you meet the count of words. Now write down and email your final draft before the deadline.
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